Solar Wind, Rising Oceans And Earth’s Spin Nils Morner
Is there a centrifugal effect? Why would it change? What could we expect if the earth sped up? Slowed down? Some theories say it happens, "throwing" our Earth’s water towards the poles or forces a retreat back to the equator - changing sea levels in those areas as they "overfill" or "underfill" the available spaces relative to the rotation. Let"s look at the literature for explanations.
I've spent a considerable amount of time and effort debunking the common explanation for our experts' "observations" that the planet is warming up and that Armageddon awaits us if we don't amend our wasteful burning ways. In particular, I've tried to show that the whole "science" built around the mystic power of C02 to trap and return heat to the Earth is nothing more than junk science. I think I've made a pretty good case that C02 simply cannot be capable of performing the chemical gyrations needed to achieve the claims that are made of it and that this approach needs to abandoned in order to pursue more relevant world pollution problems (it won't of course, but I can dream, can't I?). (see GREENHOUSE section above for specific blogs)
Please note that my argument is specifically against the carbon dioxide based "greenhouse effect" theory that has become the basis for the new religion of achieving nirvana with a carbon free society. I don't deny that Climate Change is occurring. I do believe that it can become a "Climate Crisis" if we don't prepare our infrastructures to withstand ongoing and upcoming extreme weather events. I believe that we haven't addressed the fact that the major problem is population growth and rampant infrastructure expansion, and that today's disasters are normal weather events playing out over trailer parks instead of gopher holes.
And there is Climate Change occurring. Not caused by C02 increases that really are miniscule considering the length of time it took to raise them today's levels of 408 ppm. Climate Change is actually due to a myriad of astrophysical factors, some of them playing out over cycles of thousands of years (earth orbit, angle, wobble, etc) but more likely relevant to our times are due to the cyclic changes in the Sun's output. It kind of makes sense that when the Sun cools we will cool also, doesn't it? Conversely, when the Sun heats up we heat up also. Well, that's exactly what happens, and this Blog tries to explain the mechanisms by which our climate varies in sync with the variations in Sun energy streams.
*WHY PAY ATTENTION TO SUNSPOTS WHEN CONSIDERING CLIMATE CHANGE?
Sunspots are just a visual thing. When you start claiming that the presence of sunspots on the Sun's surface portends a directional change in Earth's atmosphere people begin to glaze over. It sounds too much like voodoo science - Sunspots change climate, affect the stock market, change the tides and ocean levels, warm or cool the Earth, increase tornadoes and hurricanes etc. etc. Why would they? They are just a black spot on the Sun - a visual thing only. We can understand the skepticism when attempting to connect Sunspots to climate.
But they are indeed relevant. The reason they are important is that they visually indicate the state of the Sun's energy output at any point in time! Sunspots result from eruptions of plasma coming from an active Sun, being thrown out into space and cooling before falling back into the mass. The more the sunspots counted the higher the energy level of the Sun and the greater the output of solar energy being sent into outer space - and on to our planet's surface!
We need an explanation for why the presence of sun spots correlates with the levels of energy displayed by Earth's climate and this explanation exists. Although many researchers have drawn parallels and present explanations for sunspot influence, I am going to draw on mostly on the work of one "rogue" researcher - Dr. Nils-Axel Morner - and ex- IPCC member (he quit in disgust) who has written over 800 papers on the subject and who presents the most logical and detailed investigations supporting his theories on the phenomenon. So here goes. We start with a video of Dr. Morner being interviewed on the wide ranging subject of climate and sea level rise.
Food for thought, isn't it? I've copied more research published by Dr. Morner below and follow this up with an attempt to summarize his conclusions in everyday terms.
* SO, A NUMBER OF OBSERVATIONS INTERPRETED FROM HIS WORKS.
1. The Sun's violent internal energy and the output of that energy towards Earth is not a constant. Instead outflow changes from periods of relative calmness to periods of dramatic violence. Both states can be seen and documented visually by observing the number of Sunspots dotting the Sun's surface at any given time. Sunspots are eruptions that explode into space and then fall back, cooling and showing themselves as a dark spot on the surface. Sunspots associate themselves not just with electromagnetic waves (UV, light, infrared) but also with Solar Wind, which is the actual expelling of the sun's contents into outer space which continue streaming out, enveloping the Earth as they travel on their way to the abyss.
2. As recorded by SunSpot counts, the Sun undergoes a number of cycles whereby its outflow energy moves from low points to high points. The most basic is the 11 year cycle whereby the Sun moves from a low to high sunspot state in 5.5 years and back to a low count in another 5.5 years. These correspond to documented "cool to warm to cool" mini -climates experienced on the Earth. Of note is that the total energy of each cycle is never identical and 11 year cycles show a progressively increasing trend towards causing warmer climates or a decreasing trend downwards towards causing colder climates.
3. Climate changes seen from one 11 year cycle to the next are small and not really seen as climate changes. However, 11 year sunspot cycles further trend into a 60 year cycle (hot to hot peaks or cold to cold troughs) whereby 3 increasing 11 year cycles trend upward towards a grand maxima peak (corresponding to generally hot global climates) and then 3 cycles decrease down to a grand minima (corresponding to generally colder global climates). Grand maxima were recently seen in 1880, 1940 and 2000. Grand minima were recently seen in 1910, 1970 and are predicted for 2030. Grand minima can further range from annoyingly cool periods to extended extremely cold periods also labelled "mini ice ages". Several have been documented in historical records.
4. What causes the Sun to change its behaviour? The Sun's variation in energy output has been correlated to the position of the planets relative to the Sun and to each other at any given point in time. In particular the movement's of Jupiter (11 year orbit) and Saturn (60 year rotation) are thought to act on the Sun in ways that disrupt its internal balance and cause its variations in outwardly displayed energy.
5. Contrary to popular opinion, it is not the infrared radiation delivered by the Sun to the Earth that is the most important factor affecting Earth's temperature. It has been found that IR radiation varies relatively little in spite of the fact that the Sun may be undergoing massive changes in its own energy state, ranging from calm to violent visual eruptions and sunspot counts. Modern climate science considers Sun output to be a constant in their calculations and insignificant in their theories on warming and cooling of the Earth's surface and the assumption may be (ie. perhaps) one of the few that is correct - when considering the spectrum ranging from UV to Infrared wavelengths. The thing is, the culprit behind Sun induced climate change may not be infrared variations at all but instead could be the phenomenon we call "Solar Wind".
6. Wikipedia says - The Solar Wind is a stream of energized, charged particles, primarily electrons and protons, flowing outward from the Sun, through the Solar system at speeds as high as 900 km/s and at a temperature of 1 million degrees (Celsius). It is made of the Sun's plasma. Although Solar Wind continuously streams out from the Sun, it varies in strength over regular cycles, the most important being the 11 year and 60 year cycles seen visually with Sunspots and secondarily with many of Earth's climate indicators.
6. Morner (and others) demonstrate that it is not so much the IR spectrum that affects Earth's climate but rather variations in this "Solar Wind" interacting with Earth's geomagnetic field that cause the Earth to undergo changes in its rotation speed which then causes massive changes in major ocean currents followed by variations in overall global conditions. He bases his work on actual measurements as opposed to theoretical results coming from modelling and has shown that ocean levels vary, not due to temperature caused ice melting but rather to changes in major ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream that are affected by the Earth's spin rate.
7. A more detailed scenario is as follows - Planets, through their relative positions compared to the Sun, affect the Sun's geomagnetic core and drive it to undergo cycles of increasing or decreasing violence. These are visually measured by Sunspots. But the Sun's Solar Wind also increases with increased Sun violence and decreases as the Sun settles back to a more quiescent state, coincident with sunspot numbers. Solar Wind bombards Earth and alters the geomagnetic field of Earth which then results in an increase (low sunspots) in rotation speed, or a decrease (high sunspots) in rotation speed / spin depending on what phase of the cycle the Sun is in.
8. Ocean currents, particularly the Gulf Stream are affected by the Earth's rate of spin. During high Sunspot activity (low spin) the Gulf stream penetrates northward, warming the northern hemisphere and encouraging the melting of Arctic and Greenland ice. During low Sunspot activity (high spin) the Gulf Stream retreats southward warming the equatorial regions but cooling the northern hemisphere as arctic waters now flow southward replacing the warm waters and bringing on continental cooling.
IMAGE COPIED FROM MORNER ARTICLE (SEE ABOVE)
Is there any evidence this current shift is happening (we are due to change over to cooling conditions rather than warming. Attached is a NASA report that a major glacier in Greenland is GROWING and no longer flowing rapidly into the ocean. The reason they give - the Atlantic Oscillation - as described above by Morner.
9 Similar activity happens with other ocean currents such as those that flow over the westward side of the North American continent. These also affect climate conditions and ocean levels warming or cooling depending on whether the spin rate is encouraging northward flow or southward withdrawal of warm currents.
10. Ocean levels also change as this happens depending on where you are standing (equator or northern hemisphere). Worth repeating - High Sunspot activity (low spin) brings the Gulf Stream northward and this causes northern hemisphere ocean levels to rise at the same time as lowering equatorial sea levels. Low Sunspot activity (high spin) retreats the Gulf Stream and lowers northern hemisphere sea levels while raising equatorial sea levels. Measurements of sea levels that occurred during high and low periods have confirmed these claims.
11. The high or low peaks in Sunspots, Solar Wind, Ocean levels and many Associated climate indicators occur regularly on a 60 year cycle. Lows were recorded in 1910, 1970 and are approaching a new low in 2030. Because of the extreme influence of ocean temperatures on ocean and land ecosystems we also see major changes in our climatic conditions during these 60 year cycles. These include temperature, rain (see below), wind and weather patterns, ocean health and sea life migrations, fish stocks, ice melting as a result of warmer water and air.
12. Contrary to today's hysteria, it is not thought that tornadoes and hurricanes get stronger or that heat spells occur more severely or frequently although obviously changing from a cold to a warm ocean environment must play havoc with regional expectations for repeating "normal" weather patterns year by year.
*SOLAR WIND ALSO AFFECTS COSMIC RAYS - SO WHAT - CLOUDS, THAT'S WHAT!
What else? There is more because it appears that Solar wind also affects cloud cover by interacting with the cosmic rays that "seed" Earth's clouds. By intercepting cosmic rays that constantly penetrate and form clouds solar wind determines the relative amounts these clouds at any given time. High solar wind (high sunspots) reduces cosmic rays and reduces the level of clouds, encouraging a warmer Earth due to reduced reflectance of incoming IR waves. Low Solar wind (low sunspots) allows higher levels of cosmic rays to penetrate and form greater quantities of clouds that reflect more IR waves and encourage a colder climate. A double whammy! Since 70 % of the Earth's surface is actually covered with clouds at any given day, you can see that anything that affects this percentage would have to have an effect on the amount of heat able to get to the ground. Yet it is not considered to be particularly important in IPCC based global warming models.
You know when you see those smokestacks belching out clouds of C02 ? You do realize that what you are seeing is water vapour don't you? Interesting thought - if water vapour / clouds have such a strong cooling effect on the Earth, why isn't there an outcry about the obvious output of water vapour into our skies instead of C02? I mean, you can actually see it, not just imagine it. Can we tax water? Hmmm....
Please note: these images and the discussions surrounding them are easily found on Google. I'm not even going to attempt to make a bibliography because this isn't a scientific paper, it's an opinion piece. If you doubt me go search them out. The exercise is quite revealing.